Russell has not been alone in thinking that descriptions and definite determiners are important. The reason that philosophers find these apparently simple expressions so intriguing is that choices made about their proper logical analysis have repercussions that extend far beyond the philosophy of language and philosophy of logic. Some philosophers and linguists treat descriptions as referential expressions, others have treated them as quantificational expressions, and some have treated them as predicational expressions. Some recent work in linguistics has even called into question the idea that definite and indefinite determiners correspond to logical elements in the analysis of the logical form of natural language. Indeed, there is some reason to think that they are merely grammatical elements for assigning case. As we will see, this way of carving up the kinds of descriptions is far too blunt.
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The work comprises five visions, twelve mandates, and ten parables. It relies on allegory and pays special attention to the Church, calling the faithful to repent of the sins that have harmed it. The book was originally written in Rome in the Greek language. A second Latin translation, the Palatina , was made at the beginning of the fifth century. Of the Greek version, the last fifth or so is missing. The Vulgate Latin translation is the earliest translation and the most complete witness. The Shepherd was also translated at least twice into the Coptic Egyptian language and fragments of both Sahidic and Akhmimic translations survive.
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The historicity of Jesus relates to whether Jesus of Nazareth is a historical figure. Nearly all historians accept that Jesus existed,    and standard historical criteria have aided in reconstructing his life. Wells , a well-known mythicist who changed his mind and ultimately believed in a minimal historical Jesus.